Teachings at the Collège de France
It is imperative to place the global warming of the last century in a broader temporal context in order to determine its uniqueness and to distinguish between the underlying natural and anthropogenic causes. Paleoclimatic variations can be used to test multiple hypotheses with generally sufficient record reliability. Themes covered in the course include climate forcing, the respective roles of the ocean and the carbon cycle, and climate history from the earliest ages of the Earth to the modern period, including extreme climates and current analogues.
The Collège de France's courses and colloquia are public and open to all, either in Paris or occasionally outside Paris, notably in Aix-Marseille.