Dynamics, cycling and tracing in ecosystems
The research carried out aims to understand the dynamics, cycle and impacts of organic and inorganic elements in the various environmental compartments (water, soil, atmosphere). Particular attention is paid to interactions between contaminants and biota (plants, microorganisms, humans) in order to characterise (eco)toxicological impacts, among other things. On a larger temporal and spatial scale, the evolution of soils under various constraints is studied.
Impact of contaminants on humans and the environment
The research carried out in the team aims to characterise the biophysical-chemical mechanisms of pollutant (eco)-toxicity in order to limit the risks. The team is internationally recognised for its work on the identification and tracing of metallic pollutants and the understanding of the biophysical-chemical mechanisms of toxicity on humans and the environment.
We focus on the origin, behaviour, and impact of metal pollutants in soil, water, and atmosphere, and the risks associated with (nano)-particulate and/or (nano)-carried contaminants. Aquatic, terrestrial mesocosms and pilot bioreactors are used to study direct exposure pathways (e.g. industrial activities, degradation of materials during their life cycle) and indirect exposure via water treatment plants (land application). We are also assessing biological effects following exposure to cocktails of emerging pollutants, as well as the development of antibiotic resistance in the presence of metals in organic waste.
The environmental impact of agricultural recycling of organic waste is studied through long-term experimental schemes (SOERE PRO). These long-term agro-environmental trials, some of which are linked to southern countries, allow the study of the cycle of (in)organic and microbial contaminants. The coupling between spectroscopy and isotopy is used to better constrain the biogeochemical cycle of metals in cultivated soils.
Bioavailability and biotransformation of metals and metalloids
The focus is on the role of biota in the fate of metals and metalloids within biogeochemical cycles. Indeed, fauna, flora, minerals and organic matter are in permanent feedback action and influence the dynamics of the elements, whether they are in nanoparticle form, organic complexes or dissolved.
Soil-plant transfers of contaminants are studied, with a focus on the role of root and microbial exudates.
Actions on silicon are developed on issues related to agriculture and soils in southern countries (Lebanon, India, Vietnam, Kenya). The questions addressed concern the impact of crops on bioavailable Si reserves or the role of phytoliths in the development of plants subjected to environmental stresses (i.e. drought, contaminants such as As)
Dynamics of organic matter and the C cycle
Our objective is to analyse and model C dynamics along the soil profile, in particular to highlight and quantify the effect of organo-mineral interaction on C stabilisation, vertical transport processes, the impact of climate change (precipitation), changes in use and practices on ecosystem C.
Pedogenesis under anthropogenic and climatic constraints
The work on soil pedogenesis under climatic and anthropogenic constraints concerns simple changes in use up to artificialization. The approaches aim to quantify the changes and kinetics: by field or experimental pedologies, modelling, isotopic tracing.
- 2023-2027: ANR TASAB project. What can a Territory do in the face of the Global Anthropocene Crisis?
- 2023-2027: RIA BENCHMARK Project
Building a European Network for the Characterisation and Harmonisation of Monitoring Approaches for Research and Knowledge on Soils.
- 2022-2025 : Project DUNE. CaDmiUm and Trace Elements Bio-Availability and Transfer In Soil-PlaNt SystEm: Case of fertilizers with phosphate mineral fraction
- 2022-2025: ZABR Microplastic river project. Monitoring of microplastics in the Rhône.
- 2022-2025 : Project ANSES UV filter
- 2022-2024: JEAI SANA Project.
The Semi-Arid of the Brazilian Northeast in the Anthropocene.
- 2022-2023 : ZABR BOECIS.
Filter effect of the Rhône/Gardon banks.
- 2021-2025: ACV Ecoto(M)ix.
- 2021-2024 : EJP-SOIL SERENA project.
Soil Ecosystem seRvices and soil threats modElling aNd mApping ejpsoil.eu/soil-research/serena
- 2021-2023: ITEM BioExtract Institute Project. BIOmimicry for the EXTRACTION of rare earths from secondary sources.
- 2021-2023: OSR6 programme of the Rhône Sediment Observatory. Analysis of inorganic contaminants in TSS from the Rhône.
- 2021-2022: Project INSU EC2O SiWorm. Role of earthworms in the terrestrial silicon cycle.
- 2021-2022 : Hubert Curien Sunflower Programme. Deciphering the factors controlling the plant availability of silicon in soil through a diachronic study of soil processes.
- 2020-2025: EJP SOIL project
European Joint Programme Cofund on Agricultural Soil Management ejpsoil.eu
- 2020-2024 : H2020 project SABYNA (European project H2020-NMBP-TO-IND-2019) : A guidance platform to support the development of safer nanomaterials
- 2018-2023: Project H2020 NANOINFORMATICS (European project H2020-NMBP-13-2018) Development and Implementation of a Sustainable Modelling Platform for NanoInformatics
- 2018-2023 : Project H2020 GOV4NANO (European project H2020-NMBP-13-2018). Implementation of Risk Governance. www.gov4nano.eu